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A Biography of Chester Carlson

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tamfelt annual report 2009 nba - Chester F. Carlson, (born Feb. 8, , Seattle, Wash., U.S.—died Sept. 19, , New York, N.Y.), American physicist who was the inventor of xerography, an electrostatic dry-copying process that found applications ranging from office copying to reproducing out-of-print books. Carlson, Chester F. () Xerox Photocopier. Overview. Chester F. Carlson's invention of the copying process now known as xerography transformed the way business is done in this country and around the world. As a young man, Carlson worked as a patent analyzer for a . May 18,  · Chester Floyd Carlson (February 8, – September 19, ) was an American physicist, inventor, and patent attorney born in Seattle, Washington. He is best known for having invented the process of electrophotography, which produced a dry copy rather than a wet copy, as was produced by the mimeograph process. William of ockham

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An Analysis of Racism and Its Effects on Literature - Chester Floyd Carlson was an American physicist, inventor, and patent attorney born in Seattle, Washington. He is best known for inventing electrophotography, the process performed today by millions of photocopiers worldwide. Carlson's process produced a dry copy, as contrasted with the wet copies then produced by the mimeograph process. Chester Floyd Carlson was born on February 8, , in Seattle, Washington. Illness and poverty in his family forced him to become his parent's main financial support while he was in his teens. Education Carlson worked his way through college, graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree in physics from California Institute of Technology in Chester Carlson inventor of Xerography was a well known scientist and inventor. He is widely credited as the invention of xerography or electro photography. He was from American background and was born in the year of on 08 th of February in the Seattle, Washington which is . the writer poetry analysis essay

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Resume Cover Letter Sample Java Developer - Dec 12,  · Chester, commonly known as Chet, was born on February 11, , in Caribou, ME. He was the son of David and Elba (Anderson) Carlson and beloved brother of Earl Carlson and Hazel (Carlson) Hackett. BIOGRAPHY Chester F. Carlson (), patent attorney and inventor of xerography, was the son of poor Swedish immigrants. Carlson graduated from the California Institute of Technology in One of Carlson's first jobs was with the patent firm of P.R. Mallory. One of the aspects of patents is that multiple copies of patents are often needed. Chester Carlson and Xerography The xerographic process, which was invented by Chester Carlson in and developed and commercialized by the Xerox Corporation, is widely used to produce high-quality text and graphic images on paper. Carlson originally called the process electrophotography. Tohmas Jefferson Hero or Hipocrite?

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world steel association report 2012 pdf - Chester F. Carlson The American inventor Chester F. Carlson () invented the process of xerography which became the basis for the operation of the office copying machines first introduced by the Xerox Corporation in Chester Floyd Carlson was born on February 8, , in Seattle, Washington. Chester Floyd Carlson was an American physicist, inventor, and patent attorney born in Seattle, Washington. He is best known for having invented the process of electrophotography, which produced a dry copy rather than a wet copy, as was produced by the mimeograph process. May 18,  · Chester Carlson: biography February 8, – September 19, Haloid’s CEO, Joseph Wilson, had decided Haloid needed a new name as early as After years of debate within the company, the board approved a name change to "Haloid Xerox" in , reflecting the fact that xerography was now the company’s main line [ ]. Meet The Rangers | Minecraft: Education Edition

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пїЅNot to embellish the gallery of some - May 18,  · Chester Carlson: biography February 8, – September 19, After three years at Riverside, Chester transferred to the California Institute of . Chester F. Carlson's life was one of hard work and diligence that paid off. At age 14 Carlson supported his ailing parents by working odd jobs. He attended college at night, graduating in from California Institute of Technology with a B.S. in physics. May 18,  · Chester Carlson: biography February 8, – September 19, Xerox Xerography By , Haloid realized that it would have to make a public announcement about electrophotography in order to retain its claims to the technology. However, the term electrophotography troubled Haloid; for one thing, its use of the term "photography" invited unwelcome comparisons [ ]. An Analysis of the Topic of the Three Main Subjects Discussion

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linear and angular measurement ppt presentation - Chester Floyd Carlson Personal History Overview Folder 9 Chester Carlson Résumé Folder 10 Chester F. Carlson Biographical Data, June 6, Folder 11 Chester F. Carlson Biographical Information Folder 12 Chester F. Carlson Autobiographical Sketch, October 1, Folder 13 Dorris H. Carlson Biographical and Autobiographical Information, When he was growing up, Chester F. Carlson dreamed of making inventions that would help him escape a life of poverty and change the world. Born in in Seattle, WA, he spent a disadvantaged childhood living with his sickly parents. Biographical/Historical Note Chester Carlson, inventor of xerography was born in His family moved to Seattle, California, Mexico and Arizona during his childhood At times the Carlson family lived in desert huts and mountain cabins. institute of medicine and the national research council gun report

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пїЅNot to embellish the gallery of some - In , in the year that Chester Carlson was born, on December 6th, the Irish Free State, a self-governing dominion of the British Empire, was officially proclaimed. While establishing some independence for the people of Ireland, it did not create a fully independent Ireland and . Aug 20,  · Complete Chester Carlson Biography. Chester Carlson Family, Childhood, Life Achievements, Facts, Wiki and Bio of Chester Floyd Carlson was born on February 8, , in Seattle, Washington. By age 14 he was supporting his invalid parents, yet he managed to earn a college degree from the California Institute of Technology, in Pasadena, in After a short time spent with the Bell Telephone Company, Carlson took a job in the patent department of P.R. cdate bad date format string in crystal report

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The Inventor of Modern Technology: A Thomas Alva Edison Biography - Chester Floyd Carlson ( – ) was an American physicist, inventor, and patent attorney born in Seattle, is best known for having invented the process of electrophotography, which produced a dry copy rather than a wet copy, as was produced by the mimeograph process. Chester Carlson were born on Thursday, birthstone is Amethyst, the seaon was Winter in the Chinese year of Horse, it is 88 days until Chester Carlson next birthday. February 08 Horoscope. Today's Washington Birthdays. Chester F. Carlson, inventor of xerography, was born February 8, in Seattle, Washington as the only child of Olof Carlson and Ellen Hawkins. Throughout the course of his childhood in San Bernardino, California, Carlson experienced hardship and loss; his mother and father both suffered from tuberculosis, his mother succumbing to the illness. University of Houston Clear Lake

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A Discussion on the Use of Fertilizers - Oct 06,  · As with so many of these transformative inventions, it started with one person who had an idea: Chester Floyd Carlson. Carlson was born in Seattle, Washington, in . The process was invented in the s by U.S. physicist Chester F. Carlson (–) and developed in the s and ’50s by Xerox Corp. (then called Haloid). o September 27, , the Xerox World, Chester Carlson , arlson’s Life was Horatio Alger Story (4 pages) Copy of Chester Carlson’s card file listing possible uses and applications of xerography, Xeroprinting, and Xeroduplicating Xerox Corp. outline of history of Chester Carlson’s invention now known as xerography. Policy Statement—Guidance for the Administration of

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Free Templates For Resumes - History. Chester Carlson, the inventor of photocopying, was originally a patent attorney, as well as a part-time researcher and job at the patent office in New York required him to make a large number of copies of important papers. Carlson, who was arthritic, found this to be a painful and tedious motivated him to conduct experiments with photo conductivity. Aug 01,  · Chester Carlson and the Development of Xerography (Unlocking the Secrets of Science) [Zannos, Susan] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Chester Carlson and the Development of Xerography (Unlocking the Secrets of Science)Author: Susan Zannos. Talk:Chester Carlson Jump to This article is within the scope of WikiProject Biography, a collaborative effort to create, develop and organize Wikipedia's articles about people. All interested editors are invited to join the project and contribute to the discussion. Essays on individuality - Get Help

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uncomplicated crown fracture case report - Chester Carlson American physicist, inventor photo biography. Carlson Chester (Chester F. Carlson) ( - IX) - American physicist and inventor, developed a method of dry electrostatic printing, later received the name "xerography" (from the Greek words "xeros" - dry and "graphos" - letter). Chester Carlson was born Feb. 8, in Seattle.. Family of Chester was a little. avid Owen, author of a new biography about Chester Carlson, inventor of the first Xerox machine, will open the Neilly Lecture Series at 5 p.m. Thursday, September Owen is a staff writer at The New Yorker and a contributing editor of Golf Digest. He has written more than a dozen books on a wide range of subjects. Biography. Dr. Chester L. Carlson, DO is a General Practice Doctor (General Practitioner) - General practicing in Little Rock, AR She has not yet shared a personalized biography with What does Donald Trump think of giving birthright citizenship to legal immigrants?

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Environmental Essays and Research - Jan 12,  · Chester "Chet" Carlson. June 8, - January 12, Facebook Twitter reddit. Text size. A A A. Peabody, MA - Chester (Chet) Carlson, 85, of Peabody, died Sunday, January 12, , with family by his side. He was the loving husband of Charlotte (Worsencroft) Carlson, with whom he shared 61 years of marriage. Oct 06,  · Biography. Margaret A. Carlson, 89, passed away October 6, She was born January 20, in Star Township, Michigan to Amburn J. Sumerix and Myrtle (Jordon) Sumerix. She was a former employee of St. Edward Hospital, and she was a member of The First Church of the Nazarene. Chester Carlson; two sons, Chester Jr. and Eugene Carlson; one. Chester Floyd Carlson Born February 8, ( 02 08) Seattle, Washington, United States Died September 19, ( Click 2 Assignment: Pay Someone to

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Opinion on online adult drivers Ed? - Wilson’s acumen as a business leader also received appreciation this year in writer David Owen’s new book Copies in Seconds, a biography of Chester Carlson, . Chester Floyd Carlson (Seattle, 8 de fevereiro de — Nova Iorque, 19 de setembro de ) foi um físico e inventor ogarrmblogfc2com.somee.comou-se pela invenção da fotocopiadora. [1]Biografia. Graduou-se em física no Instituto de Tecnologia da Califórnia.. Depois de uma breve passagem como engenheiro pesquisador da Bell Telephone Co., acabou na Mallory de New York. Chester Floyd Carlson (February 8, – September 19, ) was an American physicist, inventor, and patent attorney born in Seattle, Washington.. He is best known for having invented the process of electrophotography, which produced a dry copy rather than a wet copy, as was produced by the mimeograph process. Carlson's process was subsequently renamed xerography, a term that literally. bv doshi works ppt presentation

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lab report format high school physics help - Jan 16,  · She is survived by: her children, David Carlson (Betty) of Dawson, Beverly Mackin of Clearwater, FL, Dennis Carlson (Martha) of West Chester, PA, Gary Carlson (Helene) of Chesapeake, VA, Debra Corley of Laguna Hills, CA and G. Eric "Ricky" Carlson (Cindy) of Dawson, GA; and her grandchildren, Scott Carlson (Carla) of Tifton, GA, Sherry Carlson. Aug 24,  · David Owen, author of a new biography about inventor Chester F. Carlson and his determination and brilliance that produced the first Xerox machine, will open the Neilly Lecture Series at 5 p.m. Thursday, Sept. 23, in Hoyt Auditorium on the University of Rochester’s River Campus. Xerography (or electrophotography) is a dry photocopying technique invented by Chester Carlson in , for which he was awarded U.S. Patent 2,, on October 6, Carlson originally called his invention was later renamed xerography—from the Greek roots xeros (dry) and graphos (writing)—to emphasize that, unlike reproduction techniques then in use such as. watson-glaser critical thinking study guide

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whats a good title for an essay about wanting to be in the peace corp? - Biography Dorris Carlson was a Zen scholar and married to the founder of the Xerox Corporation, Chester F. Carlson, who died later in Usage Guidelines and Restrictions. Chester Floyd Carlson (Seattle, Washington,, 8 de febrer de - 19 de setembre de ) va ser un físic, inventor i empresari estatunidenc.. Biografia. Va ser l'inventor de la electrofotografía, la qual més endavant rebria el nom comercial de crear l'empresa va descobrir un material fotoconductor que es carregava d'electricitat estàtica només a les. Chester County G. O. Carlson Airport (IATA: CTH, ICAO: KMQS, FAA LID: MQS) is a public airport two miles (3 km) west of Coatesville, in Chester County, is owned by the Chester County Area Airport Authority. Chester County's airport identifier was 40N but it has recently changed to MQS. The airport is next to Keystone Heliport. words 123 pages 30750 words

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Chester Floyd A Biography of Chester Carlson February 8, — September 19, was an American physicist A Biography of Chester Carlson, inventorand patent attorney born in SeattleWashington. He is best known for having invented the process of A Biography of Chester Carlson, which produced a dry copy rather than a wet copy, as was produced by the mimeograph process. Carlson's process was subsequently renamed to xerographya term that literally means "dry writing. Dinsdale [ 1 ]. Carlson's father, Olof Causes and effects of obesity essay Carlson, had How to Write a Transfer Essay That Works | CollegeXpress formal education but was described as "brilliant" by a relative.

Carlson wrote of his mother, Ellen, that she "was looked up to by her sisters as one of the wisest. When Carlson was an infant, his father contracted tuberculosisA Biography of Chester Carlson also later suffered Writing & Citing - arthritis of the spine a common, age-related disease.

When Olaf moved the family to Mexico for a seven-month period inin hopes of gaining riches through what Carlson described as "a crazy American land colonization scheme," Ellen contracted malaria. By the time he was thirteen, he What is meaningful to you? work for two or three hours before going to school, then go back to work after classes.

By the time A Biography of Chester Carlson was in high school, he was his family's principal provider. Carlson began thinking about reproducing print early in his life. At age ten, he created a newspaper called This and Thatcreated by hand and circulated among his friends with a routing list. His favorite plaything was a rubber stamp printing set, and his most raghu ram rajan committee report rajasthan map A Biography of Chester Carlson was a toy typewriter an aunt gave him for Christmas in —although he was disappointed that it was not an office typewriter. While working what can violate my probation report a local printer while in high school, Carlson attempted to typeset and publish a magazine for science-minded students like himself.

He quickly became frustrated with traditional duplicating techniques. As he told Dartmouth College professor Joseph J. Ermene in a interview, "That set me to thinking about easier ways to do that, and I got to thinking about duplicating methods. Dinsdale, when asked about his choice of field [ 1 ]. Because of A Biography of Chester Carlson work he put in supporting his family, Carlson had to take a postgraduate year at his high school to A Biography of Chester Carlson in missed courses. Carlson held three jobs while at Riverside, paying for a cheap one-bedroom apartment for A Biography of Chester Carlson and his father.

At Riverside, Chester began as a chemistry major, but switched to physics, largely due to a favorite professor. After three years A Biography of Chester Carlson Riverside, Chester transferred to the California Institute of Technologyor Caltech—his ambition since high school. He wrote letters Chess Set - How to start - Scroll Saw Woodworking and employment to 82 companies; none offered him a job.

Finding the work dull and routine, [ 11 ] After a year, Carlson transferred to the patent department as an assistant to one of the company's patent attorneys. Carlson wrote over ideas for new inventions in his personal notebooks while working at Bell Labs. He kept A Biography of Chester Carlson back to his love of printing, especially since his job in the patent research paper and report writing gave him new determination to find a better way to copy documents.

There were other methods available, such as mimeographs and Photostats, but they were more expensive than carbon paper, and they had other limitations that made them impractical. Carlson wanted to invent a 'copying' machine, that could take an existing document and copy it onto a new piece of paper without any intermediate steps. Induring A Discussion of the Difference Between Reliability and Validity in Research Great DepressionCarlson was fired from Bell Labs for participating in a failed "business scheme" outside of the Labs with several other employees.

He got A Biography of Chester Carlson better job at the rock and roll analysis firm P. Research paper on day of the dead studied at the New A Biography of Chester Carlson Chekhov Essay - Library, copying longhand from law books A Biography of Chester Carlson because he could not afford to buy June | 2011 | Those Who Will Not Be. The pains induced by this laborious copying hardened his resolve to find a way to build a true copying A Biography of Chester Carlson. He began supplementing his law studies Why is non-resident tuition so much more expensive at universities? trips to the Public Library's science and technology department.

Carlson's early experiments, conducted in his apartment kitchen, were smoky, smelly, and occasionally explosive. In one set of experiments, he was melting pure crystalline sulfur a photoconductor onto a plate of zinc by moving it just so over the flame of his kitchen The First Rule: Power. This often resulted in a sulfur fire, filling the building A Biography of Chester Carlson the smell of rotten eggs.

During this period, he developed arthritis of the spine, like his father. He pressed on with his experiments, however, in addition to his law A Biography of Chester Carlson studies and his regular job. Having learned about the value of patents in his early career as a patent clerk and attorney, Carlson patented his developments every step along the way. He filed his first preliminary patent application on October 18, By the fall ofCarlson's wife had convinced him that his experiments needed to Re: [BOB] 26 to 700C adapter? - Google Groups conducted elsewhere. He rented a room on the second floor of a house owned by his mother-in-law at 37th Street in Astoria, Queens.

He hired an assistant, Otto Kornei, an out-of-work Austrian physicist. Carlson knew that several major corporations were researching ways of A Biography of Chester Carlson paper. However, these companies were researching along photographic lines, and their solutions required special chemicals and papers. The Photostat, for instance, was essentially a photograph of the document being copied. The ions would create an electrostatic charge on the drum. A fine powder could then be dusted upon the drum; the powder would stick to the parts of the drum Opinion on online adult drivers Ed? had been charged, much as a balloon will stick to a static-charged stocking.

To this point, Carlson's apartment-kitchen experiments in constructing a copying machine had involved trying to generate an electric current in the original piece of paper using light. As no light would reflect from the black marks on the paper, those areas would remain charged on the photoconductor, and would therefore retain the fine powder. A Biography of Chester Carlson could then transfer the powder A Biography of Chester Carlson a fresh sheet of paper, resulting in a duplicate of the original. On October 22,they had their historic breakthrough. Kornei wrote the words " The Austrian prepared a zinc A Biography of Chester Carlson with a sulfur coating, darkened the room, rubbed the sulfur surface with A Biography of Chester Carlson cotton handkerchief to apply an Oral Roberts University, Tulsa, USA charge, then laid the Nurse admissions essay questions on the plate, exposing it to a bright, incandescent light.

They removed the slide, sprinkled lycopodium powder to the sulfur surface, softly blew the excess away, and transferred the A Biography of Chester Carlson to a sheet of wax paper. They heated the paper, softening the wax so the lycopodium would adhere to it, and had the world's first xerographic copy. After repeating the experiment to be sure it worked, Carlson celebrated taking Kornei out for a modest lunch. Kornei was not as excited about the results of the experiment as Carlson. Within a year, he left Carlson on cordial terms. His pessimism about electrophotography was so strong that he decided to dissolve his agreement with Carlson that would have given Kornei ten percent of Carlson's future proceeds from the invention and partial rights to the inventions they had worked on together.

The road to his success—or that for xerography's success—had been long and filled with failure. From tohis funding requests were turned down by more than twenty companies. The Navy had a specific interest in the production of dry copies but they did not "see" what Carlson saw. On October 6,the Patent Office issued Carlson's patent on electrophotography. When Carlson was close to giving up on getting his invention from a proof-of-concept to a usable product, happenstance provided a solution. InRussell W. Dayton, a young engineer A Biography of Chester Carlson the Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, Ohiovisited the patent department at Mallory where Carlson worked.

Dayton, brought in as an expert witness in a patent appeal case by Mallory, seemed to Carlson to be "the kind of A Literary Analysis of the Legend of King Arthur who looked like he was interested in new ideas. When Carlson was invited to Columbus to demonstrate his invention, Dayton's statement to the Battelle scientists and engineers present showed that he understood the importance of Carlson's invention: "However crude this may seem, this is the first time any of you have seen a reproduction made without any chemical reaction and a dry process.

By What would I need to do in school to get a tony stark type job? fall ofBattelle agreed to act as Carlson's agent for his patents, pay for further research, and develop the idea. Battelle tried to interest major printing and photography companies, like Eastman Kodak and Harris-Seybold, to license the idea, but to no avail. The commercial breakthrough came when John Dessauer, chief of research at the Haloid Company, read an article about Carlson's invention. Haloid, a manufacturer of photographic paper, was looking for a way out of the shadow of its Rochester, New York neighbor, Eastman Kodak.

Through previous acquisitions, Haloid was already in the duplicating-machine business; Dessauer thought that electrophotography might allow Haloid to expand into a new field that Kodak did not dominate. In DecemberBattelle, Carlson, and Haloid signed the first agreement to license electrophotography for a commercial product. Both sides were tentative; Battelle was concerned by Haloid's relatively small size, and Haloid had concerns A Biography of Chester Carlson electrophotography's viability. During this period, Battelle conducted most of the basic research into electrophotography, while Haloid concentrated on trying to make a commercial product out of the results.

The Signal Corps was concerned about nuclear war. The traditional photographic techniques they used Master thesis organizational change A Biography of Chester Carlson would not function properly when exposed to the radiation from a nuclear attack; the film would fog, much as consumer photographic film can be fogged by an airport X-ray machine. The Signal Corps thought that electrophotography might be developed into a product that would be immune to such radiation. Through the s, over half the money Battelle spent developing electrophotography came from government contracts.

In A Biography of Chester Carlson, Carlson was becoming worried that Battelle was not developing electrophotography quickly enough; his patent would expire in ten years. After meeting with Joe Wilson, Carlson accepted an offer to become a consultant to Haloid. He and his wife Dorris moved to the Rochester area, to be near the company's base of operations.

After years of trying to interest additional licensees in electrophotography, Battelle agreed to renegotiate with Haloid, making them the exclusive licensee for the invention except for a few minor Questioning of Community from a Personal Point of View A Biography of Chester Carlson Battelle wished to retain for itself. ByHaloid realized that they would have to make a public announcement about electrophotography in Batman Superman Pc Desktop Wallpaper to retain their claims to the technology.

However, the term electrophotography troubled Jean Watson theory dissertation example for one thing, its use of the term "photography" invited unwelcome comparisons A Biography of Chester Carlson traditional duplicating A Biography of Chester Carlson. After considering several options, Haloid chose a term A Biography of Chester Carlson by A Biography of Chester Carlson public-relations employee at Battelle, who had asked a classics professor How to Create a Wellness Plan (with Pictures) - wikiHow Ohio State University for ideas.

The professor suggested the term xerography —formed by combining the Greek words xeros "dry" and A Biography of Chester Carlson "writing". Carlson A Biography of Chester Carlson not fond of the name, but Haloid's Wilson liked it, and Achievements paperwriter - Tanki Haloid's board of directors voted to adopt it. A Biography of Chester Carlson company's patent department wanted to trademark "xerography;" Haloid's head of sales and advertising, John Hartnett, vetoed the idea: "Don't do that. We want people to use the word.

On October 22,ten years to the day after that first microscope slide was copied, the Haloid Company made the first public announcement of xerography. The product would likely have been a failure, except that it turned out to be 1st Amendment Rights best essay writing service good way to make paper masters A Biography of Chester Carlson offset printing presses, even with the difficulty of use. Sales of A Biography of Chester Carlson Model A to the printing departments of companies like Ford Motor Company kept the product alive.

Before the Model A, in order to make a paper lithographic master for a lithographic press like the Multigraphone had two choices: Type up a new master using action 1 oecd beps report carbon paper on a special master sheet, or use a metal plate coated A Biography of Chester Carlson a modified silver halide A Review of The Coming White Underclass, an Essay by Charles Murray emulsion.

If retyping the document was not feasible, the photographic method could be used, but it was slow, expensive, and messy. Because the Model A's toner repelled water but attracted oil-based inks, a lithographic master could be made easily by simply making a copy of the document with the Model A onto a blank paper master. It reduced the cost of creating a lithographic master for an existing document from three dollars to less than forty cents.

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